Legal Notice

University of Toronto Press owns and controls the website accessed as By accessing this site, the user agrees to the terms of use set out below.

Your Account

If you use this site, you are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your account and password and for restricting access to your computer, and you agree to accept responsibility for all activities that occur under your account or password. If you use this site, you are agreeing that University of Toronto Press may verify your identity and relationship with the university, program, faculty, and course for which you order exam copies.

University of Toronto Press reserves the right to refuse service, terminate accounts, remove or edit content, or cancel orders at its sole discretion.

UTP Materials

Except where otherwise noted, all material contained on and downloaded from this website, including content, text, graphics, and site design are copyright University of Toronto Press, all rights reserved. The materials posted on this site may be retrieved and downloaded solely for personal use. No materials contained on this website may otherwise be copied, modified, published, broadcast, or distributed without the prior written permission of University of Toronto Press.

Although UTP makes reasonable efforts to include accurate and current information, availability is subject to change without notice. Care has been taken to trace the ownership of all copyright material on the site, but we have been unable to trace all authors. If your article appears here without your permission, please let us know and we will remove it from the site immediately.


University of Toronto Press controls from within the province of Ontario. The website can be accessed from all provinces and territories of Canada as well as from other countries around the world. Each of these places may have laws that differ from those of the province of Ontario, but by accessing this website, the user agrees that all matters relating to access to, or use of, the website, or linked websites, shall be governed by the laws of the province of Ontario. The user also agrees to submit to the exclusive jurisdiction and venue of the courts of the province of Ontario and acknowledges that he or she does so voluntarily and is responsible for complying with local laws.


UTP recognizes the importance of protecting information we may collect from customers using and our shopping cart. Our policy is to use the information we acquire from users through the registration and purchasing process, or through user postings on our site, for internal business purposes only, and we maintain appropriate security measures to keep this information private.
Please see our Privacy Policy for further information.

If you have any questions about this User Agreement, please contact the Webmaster.  UTP reserves the right to change this User Agreement at any time without notice.


When you visit or send emails to us, you are communicating with us electronically. You consent to receive communications from us electronically. We will communicate with you by email or by posting notices on this site. You agree that all agreements, notices, disclosures, and other communications that we provide to you electronically satisfy any legal requirement that such communications be in writing.


All content included on this site, such as text, graphics, logos, button icons, images, audio clips, digital downloads, data compilations, and software, is the property of University of Toronto Press or its content suppliers and protected by Canadian and international copyright laws. The compilation of all content on this site is the exclusive property of University of Toronto Press and protected by Canadian and international copyright laws. All software used on this site is the property of University of Toronto Press or its software suppliers and protected by Canadian and international copyright laws.

What you can do with material on this site:
•Provided that the copyright header/footer attached to the article is retained, users may download, save, and print articles for personal use.
•You are not permitted to modify the content on this site in any way.
•You are not permitted to make commercial use of the content on this site.
•The user is not permitted to copy electronically or print portions of the web site’s contents for any commercial purpose, including but not limited to the re-use or distribution of course textbook lists, without the prior written consent of UTP.
•You are not permitted to copy or cut any part of this site into another document without permission.
•Authorization to distribute paper copies of articles downloaded from this database for use outside of the provisions listed above can be obtained from: Access Copyright at 1 Yonge Street, Suite 800, Toronto, ON, Canada, M5E 1E5. Telephone: 1-800-893-5777, or 416-868-1620 in Metro Toronto Fax: 416-868-1621.

The material and information on this web site is provided on an “as is, as available” basis. UTP makes no warranties or representations, either express or implied, with respect to, its contents, its merchandise, UTP’s service, or information provided by UTP.

None of UTP’s directors, employees, or other representatives will be liable for damages arising out of or in connection with the use of this web site or any other linked web site. This limitation of liability is comprehensive and applies to all damages, including without limitation direct, indirect, compensatory, incidental, special, consequential, loss of data, profit or income, loss of or damage to property, and third party claims.